Gynecomastia is a medical condition characterized by the enlargement of breast tissue in males.
This can result in the appearance of breasts and may cause discomfort in the chest area.
While it is not a serious medical problem, gynecomastia can affect the psychological well-being and self-esteem of individuals who experience it.
The condition is relatively common and can occur at any age. It is often caused by an imbalance in hormones, with an increase in estrogen relative to testosterone.
Gynecomastia can be temporary, such as during puberty, or it may persist into adulthood.
Common causes of gynecomastia include:
- Hormonal Changes: Hormonal imbalances during puberty, aging, or certain medical conditions can lead to gynecomastia.
- Medications: Some medications, including certain types of anti-depressants, anti-anxiety drugs, and steroids, can contribute to gynecomastia.
- Underlying Health Conditions: Certain health conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, can affect hormone balance and contribute to gynecomastia.
- Substance Use: Use of substances like marijuana, alcohol, or anabolic steroids can increase the risk of developing gynecomastia.